Saturn V

The Saturn V was an expendable launch vehicle that was used by NASA to send humans on an exploration to the moon. The Saturn V was operated out of Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39. Nonetheless, Boeing, North American Aviation, and Douglas Aircraft Company were the three companies to construct and manifest the Saturn V. From this there have been a total of 19 Saturn Vs produced. Moreover, The first flight of the Saturn V occurred on November 9, 1967. The rocket had launched 12 times successfully out of 13 attempts. There was only one partial failure. It happened to set place on April 4, 1968 on the Apollo 6 mission. The failure was caused by pogo oscillation, which ended up rupturing internal fuel linings in the second and third stages. This then caused two second stage engines to shut down early. Additionally, the rocket stands 110.6 meters tall (363 feet) and has a diameter of about 10.1 meters (33 feet). The Saturn V itself weighs a towering 2.8 million kilograms (6.2 million pounds). On top of that, the Saturn V can carry a payload capacity of 140,000 kilograms (310,000 pounds), making itself the record holder for the most payload capacity a rocket can carry to low earth orbit. On the other hand the Saturn V has three stages. The first stage is powered by 5 Rocketdyne F-1 engines that each produce 6,770kN of thrust (1,522,000 pounds of thrust). Meanwhile, the second stage is powered by another 5 Rocketdyne J-2 engines that produced 4,400kN of thrust (1,000,000 pounds of thrust). Lastly, the third stage of the Saturn V is powered by 1 Rocketdyne J-2 engine that produces 486.2kN of thrust (109,302 pounds of thrust). The rocket is fueled with Liquid Oxygen and Kerosene in the first stage engines and uses Liquid Oxygen and Liquid Hydrogen for the second and third stage engines of the rocket. Worth noting, the Saturn V carries 770,000 liters of Kerosene fuel (203,400 gallons) and 1.2 million liters of Liquid Oxygen (318,000 gallons) in its first stage. While the second stage carries 984,000 liters of liquid hydrogen fuel (260,000 gallons) and 303,000 liters (80,000 gallons) of Liquid Oxygen. Lastly, the third stage carries 252,700 liters of Liquid Hydrogen (66,700 gallons) and 73,280 liters of Liquid Oxygen (19,359 gallons). Consequently, the last Saturn V launched on May 14, 1973 carrying aboard the Skylab space station. The Skylab payload ended up orbiting the earth from 1973 till 1979.

 

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1 Comment

  1. The great part about this is all the new information I get to learn reading these posts! Thank you for the insight on these amazing rockets 🚀

    Like

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